3-things-you-gotta-have-for-leveraging-the-iot-internet-of-things

Just like cloud computing and big data, the Internet of Things (or IoT) has ceased being just a cool buzzword to toss around, and has become a factor that developers have to deal with. The IoT manifested first in the industrial world with machine sensors, instruments in engines, etc. Only recently has it taken off in the consumer sector, but now the IoT is ruled by smartphone apps, smart watches, connected fitness and health devices, and even pet monitoring solutions. Indeed, the IoT is here.

Yet the IoT is nothing without apps. That means that developers are the backbone of the IoT. Fortunately, VMware is on board with the whole concept and offers plenty of solutions for building the infrastructure necessary to leverage the IoT, helping developers manage the tremendous influx of devices that the IoT brings, and even collecting, storing, processing, using, all that data and keeping it secure.

1. VMware AirWatch and vRealize Operations (vROps)

Internet of Things (IoT)

It’s time for developers to get plugged in to the IoT. VMware offers a host of solutions to help you develop better apps for the IoT, deploy those apps, and manage the data those apps generate.

One of the greatest challenges from the development end of the IoT is the issue of managing thousands or millions of connected things all at once. VMware has made it easier by giving developers the ability to manage all the connected devices as a single thing using VMware AirWatch and vRealize Operations (vROps).

VMware honed this technology for the industrial sector, which used it even before consumers hopped on the IoT for things like managing vehicle fleets and widely distributed connected vending machines. Now, developers can leverage the same technology for managing smartphones and other consumer-grade connected devices, like the Apple Watch, Fitbit, etc.

2. VMware Log Insight

When a user uses or interacts with an IoT connected device, the IoT Gateway sends the data generated or collected back to the data center. With modern analytical capabilities, this data no longer has to be stored until someone has the time to go through, analyze it, and make decisions on it. Using AirWatch with vROps and VMware Log Insight, developers can have the data scanned at the gateway. The data can then be analyzed to identify patterns and respond with a suitable action based on those patterns.

Industrial applications for this monitoring, analysis, and automatic response include the ability to send an alert to a supervisor if equipment overheats. Consumer applications include sending a notification to a patient or health care provider (or both) if a patient’s vital signs stray outside safe or normal ranges, such as when their blood sugar skyrockets or their heart rate becomes erratic.

3. VMware vCloud Air Public Cloud

VMware vCloud Air

The hybrid cloud makes it far simpler and easier to manage the huge influx of devices that the IoT brings.

Another issue developers will have to address to leverage the IoT is the deployment of all their applications. This is where the vCloud Air public cloud comes in. A unified hybrid cloud gives the developer the flexibility to deploy and run IoT applications securely while keeping things simple and easy to manage. Without the hybrid cloud, developers could easily become overwhelmed with the complexity of the IoT.

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Use Case - Tamper-resistant Clinical Trials

Goal:

Blockchain PoCs were unsuccessful due to complexity and lack of developers.

Still the goal of data immutability as well as client verification is a crucial. Furthermore, the system needs to be easy to use and operate (allowing backup, maintenance windows aso.).

Implementation:

immudb is running in different datacenters across the globe. All clinical trial information is stored in immudb either as transactions or the pdf documents as a whole.

Having that single source of truth with versioned, timestamped, and cryptographically verifiable records, enables a whole new way of transparency and trust.

Use Case - Finance

Goal:

Store the source data, the decision and the rule base for financial support from governments timestamped, verifiable.

A very important functionality is the ability to compare the historic decision (based on the past rulebase) with the rulebase at a different date. Fully cryptographic verifiable Time Travel queries are required to be able to achieve that comparison.

Implementation:

While the source data, rulebase and the documented decision are stored in verifiable Blobs in immudb, the transaction is stored using the relational layer of immudb.

That allows the use of immudb’s time travel capabilities to retrieve verified historic data and recalculate with the most recent rulebase.

Use Case - eCommerce and NFT marketplace

Goal:

No matter if it’s an eCommerce platform or NFT marketplace, the goals are similar:

  • High amount of transactions (potentially millions a second)
  • Ability to read and write multiple records within one transaction
  • prevent overwrite or updates on transactions
  • comply with regulations (PCI, GDPR, …)


Implementation:

immudb is typically scaled out using Hyperscaler (i. e. AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure) distributed across the Globe. Auditors are also distributed to track the verification proof over time. Additionally, the shop or marketplace applications store immudb cryptographic state information. That high level of integrity and tamper-evidence while maintaining a very high transaction speed is key for companies to chose immudb.

Use Case - IoT Sensor Data

Goal:

IoT sensor data received by devices collecting environment data needs to be stored locally in a cryptographically verifiable manner until the data is transferred to a central datacenter. The data integrity needs to be verifiable at any given point in time and while in transit.

Implementation:

immudb runs embedded on the IoT device itself and is consistently audited by external probes. The data transfer to audit is minimal and works even with minimum bandwidth and unreliable connections.

Whenever the IoT devices are connected to a high bandwidth, the data transfer happens to a data center (large immudb deployment) and the source and destination date integrity is fully verified.

Use Case - DevOps Evidence

Goal:

CI/CD and application build logs need to be stored auditable and tamper-evident.
A very high Performance is required as the system should not slow down any build process.
Scalability is key as billions of artifacts are expected within the next years.
Next to a possibility of integrity validation, data needs to be retrievable by pipeline job id or digital asset checksum.

Implementation:

As part of the CI/CD audit functionality, data is stored within immudb using the Key/Value functionality. Key is either the CI/CD job id (i. e. Jenkins or GitLab) or the checksum of the resulting build or container image.

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